Ein Frame umfasst die Spieldauer vom Start (siehe 3. 3. (c)), mit allen Bällen wie in 3. 2. beschrieben aufgesetzt, wobei die Spieler nacheinander. Ein Frame kann auch durch Aufgabe eines Spielers oder direkt durch den Schiedsrichter beendet werden. Ein Match besteht in der Regel aus mehreren Frames. Fabater Klassischer Sport Billard Ball Frame, Snooker Ball Rack, strapazierfähiges Holz für Bar Home(American Tripod): woodenwatchcompany.com: Sport & Freizeit.
Snooker Frame / Game / MatchSnooker – Hier die ofiziellen Spielregeln in Kurzform. Ziel des Spiels ist es so viel wie möglich Punkte zu erzielen und am Ende das Spiel (Frame) durch eine. Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für Frame Snooker im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Fabater Klassischer Sport Billard Ball Frame, Snooker Ball Rack, strapazierfähiges Holz für Bar Home(American Tripod): woodenwatchcompany.com: Sport & Freizeit.
Frame Snooker Object of the Game VideoAmazing Shots \u0026 Tactical Snooker Battle!!! Judd Trump vs. Mark Selby
In the centre of this is the D, an The hard balls, made from phenolic resin, are approximately 2. There are 15 red balls and one each of black, pink, blue, brown, green and yellow, as well as a white cue ball which is the only one struck by the players.
The colours go on their spots, the green, brown and yellow from left to right on the baulk line across the semi-circle. The 15 reds are placed in a triangle with one red at the point behind the pink.
Players score one point for potting a red, after which they must nominate a colour for their next shot. The black is worth seven and is the most valuable going down through pink six , blue five , brown four , green three and yellow two.
After each colour the six colours are re-spotted but the reds are not the player reverts to a red and alternates red, then colour until all the reds are potted.
Key figures in the game were Ray Reardon in the s, Steve Davis in the s, and Stephen Hendry in the s, each winning six or more World championships.
Since , Ronnie O'Sullivan has won the most world titles, with six. Top professional players now compete regularly around the world and earn millions of pounds on the World Snooker Tour , which features players from across the world.
The origin of snooker dates back to the latter half of the 19th century. The word snooker was a slang term for first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel, but Chamberlain would often use it for the performance of one of his fellow officers at the table.
Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game mainly for the gentry , and many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play.
The objective of the game is to score more points than one's opponent by potting object balls in the correct order. At the start of a frame, the balls are positioned as shown in the first image, and the players then take turns hitting shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue , their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point.
Failure to make contact with the red ball constitutes a foul shot. After that, the player must pot another red ball, then another colour, in sequence.
This process continues until the striker fails to pot the desired ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot.
The game continues in this manner until all the reds are potted and only the six colours are left on the table. The shots are: yellow first two points , then green three points , brown four points , blue five points , pink six points and black seven points , the balls not being returned to play.
In this situation, called re-spotted black , the black ball is placed on its designated spot and the cue ball is played as ball in hand.
The referee then tosses a coin and the winner decides which player goes first. The frame continues until one of the players pots the black ball or commits a foul.
In professional snooker this is a common occurrence. The referee also replaces the colours on the table when necessary and calls out how many points the player has scored during a break.
Points in snooker are gained from potting the correct balls in sequence. The total number of consecutive points excluding fouls that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a break.
A player attaining a break of 15, for example, could have reached it by potting a red then a black, then a red then a pink, before failing to pot the next red.
A maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding points; this is often known as a "" or just as a "maximum".
Points may also be scored in a game when a player's opponent fouls. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for failing to hit the correct ball e.
Points gained from a foul vary from a minimum of four to a maximum of seven if the black ball is involved. A foul shot that leaves no valid shot for the opponent can leave them a free ball.
A free ball allows a player to use any other coloured ball in place of the shot they were supposed to play.
Doing so with all 15 red balls in play can result in a break exceeding a maximum, with the highest possible being a break , achieved via the opponent leaving a free ball , with the black being potted as the additional colour, and then potting 15 reds and blacks with the colours.
One game , from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a " frame ". A match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match.
Most professional matches require a player to win five frames, and are called "best of nine" in reference to the maximum possible number of frames.
Professional snooker players play on the World Snooker Tour. Events on the Tour are only open to players on the Tour and selected amateur players, but most events require qualification.
Players can qualify for the Tour either by being high enough on the world rankings from prior seasons, winning continental championships, or through the Challenge Tour or Q School events.
Reflecting the game's aristocratic origins, the majority of tournaments on the professional circuit require players to wear waistcoats and bow ties.
In recent years the necessity for this has been questioned, and players such as Stephen Maguire have been granted medical exemptions from wearing a bow tie.
The Tour also has an official world rankings scheme, with only players on the Tour receiving a ranking. Ranking points , earned by players through their performances over the previous two seasons, determine the current world rankings.
The elite of professional snooker are generally regarded as the "top" ranking players. The oldest professional snooker tournament is the World Championship,  held annually since except during World War II and between and Winning all three events is a difficult task, and has only been done by 11 players.
With some events having been criticised for matches taking too long,  an alternative series of timed tournaments has been organised by Matchroom Sport chairman Barry Hearn.
The shot-timed Premier League Snooker was established, with seven players invited to compete at regular United Kingdom venues, televised on Sky Sports.
While some success was achieved with this format, it generally did not receive the same amount of press attention or status as the regular ranking tournaments.
In , the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association submitted an unsuccessful bid for snooker to be played at the Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
Several players, such as Ronnie O'Sullivan, Mark Allen and Steve Davis, have warned that there are too many tournaments during the season, and that players risk burning out.
Some leagues have allowed clubs to refuse to accept women players in tournaments. Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts used for playing shots that cannot be played by hand, a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard.
While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls.
The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible.
A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus and records the score for each frame in units and twenties and the frame scores. They are typically attached to a wall by the snooker table.
A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire". Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue.
The playing surface is The felt is usually a form of fully wool green baize , with a directional nap running from the baulk end of the table towards the end with the black ball spot.
The nap will affect the direction of the cue ball depending on which direction the cue ball is shot and also on whether left or right side spin is placed on the ball.
Even if the cue ball is hit in exactly the same way, the nap will cause a different effect depending on whether the ball is hit down table towards the black ball spot or up table towards the baulk line.
The cloth on a snooker table is not vacuumed, as this can destroy the nap. The cloth is brushed in a straight line from the baulk end to the far end with multiple brush strokes that are straight in direction i.
Some table men will also then drag a dampened cloth wrapped around a short piece of board like a two by four , or straight back of a brush to collect any remaining fine dust and help lay the nap down.
The table is then ironed. Some other cloths include a small percentage of nylon. In the professional era that began with Joe Davis in the s and continues until the present day, a relatively small number of players have succeeded at the top level.
After Davis retired from World Championship play, the next dominant force was his younger brother Fred Davis, who had lost the final to Joe.
After the abandonment of the World Championship in , with the final boycotted by British professionals, the World Professional Match-play Championship became the unofficial world championship.
John Pulman was the most successful player of the s, when the world championship was contested on a challenge basis. Ray Reardon became the dominant force in the s, winning six titles , — and , with John Spencer winning three.
Steve Davis ' first world title in made him only the 11th world champion since , including the winner of the boycotted title, Horace Lindrum.
Davis, for example, won more ranking tournaments than the rest of the top 64 players put together by By retaining his title in , O'Sullivan became the first player to successfully defend the World Championship since Hendry in Mark Selby would also do this in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Snooker disambiguation. Three-time world champion Mark Selby playing a practice game. Main article: History of snooker. Main article: Rules of snooker.
Play media. See also: List of snooker tournaments and Snooker organisations. See also: Comparison of cue sports and Glossary of cue sports terms.
See also: List of snooker players by number of ranking titles and List of snooker players with over century breaks.
See also: Snooker variants. BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 16 September Macmillan Dictionary. London, UK: Macmillan Publishers.
Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 19 March Archived from the original on 12 May If the ball on is a colour that is snookered by another colour after a foul, all reds must have been already potted; thus the free ball still has to be a colour ball.
The scoring for a shot in which both the free ball and the actual ball on are potted depends on the point in the game at which it occurs. If the reds are on and both the free ball and one or more reds are potted, then each ball potted is scored as a red for one point.
If a colour is on and both it and the free ball are potted, only the actual ball on is scored. In both cases, the free ball will be re-spotted and the actual ball s on will remain off the table.
These two situations represent the only times when a colour can be potted in the same shot as a red or another colour without a foul occurring.
The player may hit the free ball into the actual ball on in order to pot the latter, referred to as planting. Going back to the picture above, the player could nominate the black as the free ball and use it to plant the real red.
If the player potted both balls in one shot, two points would be awarded and the black would be re-spotted.
Failing to pot the free ball incurs no penalty, so the striker may play a snooker using the free ball if desired.
However, if said snooker is achieved by having the free ball obstructing the ball on, then the strike is a foul and a penalty of the value of the ball on is awarded to the opponent.
The reason is that the free ball was to be treated as the ball on, and one cannot snooker a ball on by another ball on following the same logic that a red cannot snooker another red when red is on.
The only exception to this is when there are only two balls remaining on the table, namely pink and black. If the opposition somehow fouled trying to pot pink, and illegitimately snookered the striker with the black, then it is fair for the striker to snooker the opposition "back" with the free black ball.
A free ball scenario does not occur when the ball gets stuck at the edge of a pocket jaw commonly referred to as "angled" in such a manner that the player is unable to hit any ball on.
This is because according to the official snooker rules a ball is snookered only if its way is obstructed by balls not on.
In this scenario, after a foul, the player may choose to either take the shot from the current position or ask the offender to play again, as per the usual rules on fouls.
A foul and a miss will be called if a player does not hit the ball "on" first a foul and is deemed by the referee to have not made the best possible attempt a miss.
In this case, the opponent has the option to request that all balls on the table be returned to their position before the foul, and require the fouling player to take the shot again.
The rule was introduced to prevent players from playing professional fouls i. Multiple misses often occur because players attempt to hit a shot very softly or thinly in situations where a fuller contact might leave their opponent an easy potting chance.
This can lead to an apparently easy escape being attempted several times, as players feel that it is better to concede many points but leave a safe position, than concede none and leave a frame-winning chance.
In practice, the "best attempt" determination consists of three key elements that are easily applied objectively:.
All three of these elements must be present in order for the referee to decide that a player has made his or her best attempt.
There are three situations in which a miss will not be called, even if the referee decides that a best attempt has not been made:.
If a player fouls and misses in a non-snookered scenario, and if the opponent requests that the shot be replayed from the original position, a second failure to make a best attempt is ruled a foul and a miss regardless of the score difference.
The fouling player is issued a warning by the referee, and a third such failure forfeits the frame to the opponent. A foul after such a warning is very rare.
If the score is tied after the final black is fouled or potted, the black is re-spotted. Play then continues normally until the black is potted or another frame-ending situation occurs.
The highest break that can be made under normal circumstances is To achieve it, the player must pot all 15 reds, with the black after every red, followed by potting all six colours.
This "maximum break" of rarely occurs in match play. The fastest maximum break in a tournament was achieved during the World Championships on 21 April , by Ronnie O'Sullivan against Mick Price in 5 minutes and 8 seconds.
If an opponent fouls before any balls are potted, and leaves the player a free ball, the player can then nominate a colour and play it as a red for one point, then nominate a colour and pot it for its normal value.
Under tournament conditions, Jamie Burnett achieved points. The highest possible score, as distinct from the highest possible break, is unlimited and depends on the value of points scored from the opponent's foul shots when added to the player's own scored points which may not require the highest break.
However, the highest possible score from a single visit clearance is foul on the black, followed by a free ball treated as a red, as above.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Maximum break. November Retrieved August 18, Billiard Congress of America. Retrieved May 10, World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association.
Retrieved 20 August Guinness World Records. The Guardian. Under ordinary circumstances the maximum break is 15 reds, 15 blacks followed by the colours in sequence and the professional circuit has seen 49 of these.Where the cue ball is simultaneously touching several balls that are on or could be on, the referee shall indicate Dfb Finale 2021 Datum each and every one of them is a touching ball; the striker must therefore play away from all of them. The fastest maximum break in a tournament was achieved during the World Championships on 21 Bitcoin.De Kaufenby Ronnie O'Sullivan against Mick Price in 5 minutes and 8 seconds. The Sydney Morning Herald. A break is the number of points scored Jerome Boateng Wechsel a player in Europefx Erfahrungsberichte single visit to the table. Billiard Congress of America. The frame continues until one of Www Merkur players pots the black ball or commits a foul. Potting the nominated colour awards further points Mastercard Deutschland through seven, in the same order as the preceding paragraph. No penalty is Frame Snooker for playing away if:. The History of Snooker and Billiards. This Nymn Twitch needs additional citations for verification. World champions Ranking title winners Triple Crown winners. International Billiards and Snooker Federation. Namespaces Article Talk. Retrieved 19 March Most tournaments are played in knockout format with a seeded draw as in tennis, Boxer Gewichtsklassen each match being won by the player who is first to win a Kundenspezifische Autoinstallation Chicago - Ruruen.Citton.Space number of frames.